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ECPB 2017, 77(1): 33–38
Research articles

Dynamics of Motor Abilities Indicators of Students With Visual Impairments Due to the Influence of Physical Education and Additional Training

N. MARYUKHNICH, V. KLAPCHUK
Abstract

When assessing students with impaired vision, it was found out that they have a low level of motor abilities at the beginning of the study, due to the increased load on visual apparatus, a sedentary way of life and the physiological immaturity of functional systems in the period of puberty. Some classes in physical education according to the generally accepted state program are offered with a view to the harmonious physical development of the child in educational institutions.This generally accepted state program does not always work the requirements of pupils with deviations in health status. Therefore, the research applied the technique, developed by Klapchuk and Maryukhnich, the sparing physiological all-round for safe testing of pupils’ motor abilities with the tests on flexibility, determining the pulse value load power, explosive force, resistance to hypoxia during exercise, weight hanging on bent arms and a test with hyperventilation.

The test results for each test have a diagnostic grades for scores that allows for the total score to quantify the level of individual motor abilities. The result may not depend on volitional abilities, desires or mood of the under study, because it is determined not so much external work, how much physiological support.

Offered all-around different from known scientific by novelty, set, sequence, and modification of tests. It is completely safe for health, because it is gentle and therefore can be used: a) with the purpose of medical supervision in training of physical education to assess the adequacy and prevention the excessive loads of individuals’ different level of physical health, which in medical examination related to primary, preparatory or special medical groups; b) in the course of pedagogical supervision as a physical education teacher or coach-teacher for correction training loads; c) for self-monitoring during the training process, including to assess the effectiveness of physical training; d) in the form of competition “Physiological all-round” to determine the winners in the academic departments, formed for physical education. With the aim of improving the motor abilities the students, in addition to the main training in physical education, were offered rehabilitation complex, which includes special exercises for eyes, posture and feet, breathing exercises with volitional control of breathing, self massage of the eye, as well as aerobic exercises for self-study task in the home.

Exercises that are offered, is carried out according to individual motor mode: No.1 (limited action), No.2 (moderate action) or No.3 (extended action). It is chosen taking into account the physical condition. Those under study in the main groups were received a memo, developed by Klapchuk and Maryukhnich, which had recommendations for self-control. Pupils chose exercises, starting with simple, gradually upgrading and replacing them periodically with a view to the execution of the complex was at least 20-30 minutes 4-5 times a week. Along with this, in the second main group conducted individual training acomodating muscles, including reserves of accommodation.

Under the influence of rehabilitation course the statistically significant positive dynamic was held by all the studied indicators of motor abilities and in a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of physical training. The results of the research make reason to recommend a designed program for more physical training and exercises for self-study lessons at home until the introduction in practice of physical rehabilitation and physical education. Further in this group of pupils with impaired vision, it is advisable to analyze the changes of reserves accommodation under the influence of rehabilitation course, using one eye. Doing this, there should be conditions for full correction for distance, and tests need to be shown to further correspond to the maximum visual acuity.

Added 16.01.2017

Keywords: pupils, impaired vision, physical capabilities, rehabilitation complex

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